Jesus & the Mosaic Law

The Second Temple Judaism that Jesus espoused was very different from the Judaism that developed after the fall of the Jerusalem in 70 AD and even more different from the diaspora Judaism experienced by later christians. The Second Temple Jewish people viewed the Mosaic Law as a blessing, not a burden. It was a reciprocal covenant made specifically with them by God. To them the Law was divine guidance for their whole life, a map and a code to live by. The Mosaic Law was never understood or believed to have a singular purpose. As God's 'Chosen People" they viewed it as a privilege and chose to accept the Covenant with God and by cleaving to Him they agreed by this code, this way of life. In return for cleaving to God, through the Mosaic Law, they would be rewarded in in various ways and in the World to Come. During this time frame the Pentateuch (5 Books or Torah) was taken more literally and the so-called "oral law" or Talmud was still an ever-changing oral tradition and not yet canonized.

"Jesus" the Galilean Jew was born into the above described world, and raised as a first century Galilean Jew. That is also the world in which he was anointed the Jewish Son of God. As a Galilean Jew, and as the Jewish Son of God, Jesus taught an originalist form of first century Judaism. He professed that the Jewish people needed to discard their man-made traditions and re-dedicate themselves to God's Law, if they ever wanted Age-lasting life in the World to Come.

Buried within the misunderstood interpretations of the christian "New Testament", it is plain to see that Jesus professed a specific inclusionary message. Jesus never created a new religion or changed an old religion, his message was not universal. The New Testament is not a "new covenant". The new covenant will be a strongly defined renewal of the covenant of old, with God's chosen people bound and devoted to the Law and prophets and living in communion and fellowship with God. The New Covenant prophesied by Jeremiah and Isaiah is not the christian 'New Testament', in any form. The christian "New Testament" was created by men of tradition and Jesus neither used a christian New Testament nor endorsed one.

The New Covenant (Torah Contract) prophesied by Jeremiah is the same as the Old Covenant (Torah Contract), with one simple caveat:
The original Covenant God made with Judah was based on God's provision of their own Set Apart land. In the Age-to-Come, when the Kingdom is Restored, the Covenant will need to be reestablished. God's Will does not change, therefore the New Covenant will be the same as the Old, but with a new signature to seal the deal.

The disciples as well as the first followers of the original Jerusalem Jesus Movement understood this and continued with this message until it was corrupted going into the second century (and onward) by the universal mission among the gentiles….. when Jesus was executed he gave this mission over to his disciples. In the great commission to his disciples he commanded them to follow his teachings and preach them. But he never authorized them to ordain new apostles nor change or modify his teachings.

These misunderstanding & corruptions are repeated and virulently pushed to this day, even by so-called "messianics". Christians however, unknowingly portray the most misinterpreted message, that the Mosaic Law is horrible bondage that a universalist Jesus freed us from. When christians make that doctrinal claim they purposefully combine the Oral Law with the Written Law as if they are one entity, professing that entity as a burden that can never be completely obeyed and therefore is flawed. Christianity purposefully never acknowledges that the basic Commandments contained within Torah (the Written Law) are easily followed. Many judeophile messianics do the opposite, they preach that one must follow both the Written and Oral Law. These so-called messianics are simply the flip-side on the same coin as the christians.

However, when one reads the teachings of Jesus and his Ministry in the true and authentic historical context, and looks at the applicable Written Law (Mosaic) that is the Covenant that Jesus professed, it is plain and easy to see that the Law is not a burden and is exceptionally easy to obey. Jesus himself even professes this over an over in his teachings.This is The Way that Jesus taught, and it is the only way to truth and salvation. Cleaving oneself to God by accepting His Written Law is a privilege and not a burden, however the corruptions of christianity prevents that privilege and condemn whole nations of people to God's Judgement. Christianity and many messianics are lost, following a fantastical christ-god all the while ignoring the true Galilean Jewish Messiah.

YHWH
Ex. 20:2 To believe in YHWH (most pray to the Son, not to the Father)
De. 6:4 To acknowledge the Oneness of YHWH ("Persons" of Trinity is polytheism)
De. 6:5 To love YHWH
De. 6:13 To fear YHWH (Most Christian tradition says love/respect but not fear)
Ex.23:25; De.11:13; 13:5 To serve YHWH
De. 10:20 To cleave to YHWH
De.10:20 On taking an oath by YHWH's Name
De. 28:9 On walking in YHWH's Ways (Torah is the "Way" of YHWH)
Le.22:32 On Sanctifying YHWH's Name

TORAH
Nu.15:38 On making Tzitzit with thread of blue, garments corners
De.31:19 On that everyone should have access to the Torah
De. 8:10 On giving thanks (grace) to YHWH after meals

TEMPLE AND THE PRIESTS
Le. 19:30 On respecting the Sanctuary
Nu. 18:4 On guarding the Sanctuary

SACRIFICES
Le.23:17 On the Two Loaves of bread Wave offering on Shavuot
Ex.34:23; De. 16:16 On appearing before YHWH during the Festivals
De.16:14 On rejoicing on the Festivals
Ex.12:8 On eating the roasted Pesach lamb night of Nisan 15
Nu.9:11; Ex. 12:8 On eating the Pesach Sheini lamb with Matzah and Maror
Le.5:1-11 Offering higher or lower value, according to ones means
Nu.5:6-7 To confess one's sins before YHWH and repent from them
Le.27:32 On the Tithe of one's cattle (some Christians pay tithes on all their increase)

VOWS
De.23:24 On that a man must honor his oral vows and oaths
Nu.30:3 On that a judge can annul vows, only according to Torah

RITUAL PURITY
Le. 15:19 On Tumah of a menstruant woman
Le.12:2 On Tumah of a woman after childbirth
Le.15:16 On immersing in a mikveh to become ritually clean

DONATIONS TO THE TEMPLE
De. 14:22-29 To set aside the tithe to the Temple for the Widows and Orphans
(churches tend to be in a money-making business all for themselves)

THE SABBATICAL YEAR
Le.25:8 Counting and announcing the years till the Jubilee year
De.15:3 ...one may exact a debt owed by a foreigner

CONCERNING ANIMALS FOR CONSUMPTION
Le.12:21 Slaughtering animals, according to Torah, before eating
Le. 11:2 Searching for prescribed signs in beasts, for eating
De.14:11 Searching for the prescribed signs in birds, for eating
Le. 11:9 Searching for the prescribed signs in fish, for eating

FESTIVALS
Ex.23:12 On resting on the Shabbat
Ex.20:8 On declaring Shabbat holy at its onset and termination
Ex.12:15 On removal of chametz, leaven(ed), on (Nisan 14) Pesach
Ex.13:8 Tell of Exodus from Egypt 1st night Pesach, (Nisan 15)
Ex.12:18 On eating Matzah the first night of Pesach, (Nisan 15)
Ex. 12:16 On resting on the first day of Pesach
Ex. 12:16 On resting on the seventh day of Pesach
Le.23:35 Count the Omer 49 days from day of first sheaf Nisan 16
Le.23 On resting on Shavuot
Le.23:24 On resting on Rosh HaShannah
Le. 16:29 On fasting on Yom Kippur
Le.16:29, 31 On resting on Yom Kippur
Le.23:35 On resting on the first day of Sukkot
Le.23:36 On resting on (the 8th day) Shemini Atzeret
Le.23:42 On dwelling in a Sukkah (booth) for seven days
Le.23:40 On taking a Lulav (the four species) on Sukkot
Nu.29:1 On hearing the sound of the Shofar on Rosh HaShannah

COMMUNITY
De.18:15 On heeding the Prophets
De.17:15 On appointing a king
De. 17:11 On obeying the Court
Ex.23:2 Do not follow a majority to do evil.
De. 16:18 Appointing Judges & Officers of the Court in every town
Le.19:15 Treating litigants equally/impartially before the law
Le.5:1 Anyone aware of evidence must come to court to testify
De.13:15 The testimony of witnesses shall be examined thoroughly
De.19:19 On condemning witnesses who testify falsely
De.19:19 False witnesses punished, as they intended upon accused
De.22:8 Build fence on roof, remove potential hazards from home

IDOLATRY
De.l2:2; 7:5 On destroying all idolatry and its appurtenances

SOCIAL
Le.5:23 On a robber to restore the stolen article to its owner
De.15:8; Le. 25:35-36 On to give charity to the poor
De.24:13; Ex. 22:25 On restoring a pledge to its owner if he needs it
De.24:15 On paying the worker his wages on time
De.23:25-26 Employee is allowed to eat the produce he's working in
Ex.23:5 On helping unload when necessary a tired animal
De.22:4 On assisting a man loading his beast with its burden
De.22:1; Ex23:4 On that lost property must be returned to its owner
Le. 19:17 On being required to reprove the sinner
Le.19:18 On love your neighbor as yourself
De.10:19 On being commanded to love the convert/proselyte
Le.19:36 On the law of accurate weights and measures

FAMILY
Le. 19:32 On honoring the old (and wise)
Ex.20:12 On honoring parents
Le.19:3 On fearing parents
Ge.l :28 On to be fruitful and multiply
De.24:1 On the law of marriage
De.24:1 The law of divorce, only be means of written document

TORTS
Ex.21:18 On the penalty for a person inflicting injury
Ex.21:28 On the law of injuries caused by an animal
Ex.21:33-34 On the law of injuries caused by a man-made pit or hole
Ex.22:4 On the law of a judgment for damage caused by a beast
Ex.22:5 On the law of a judgment for damage caused by a fire
Ex.22:6-8 On the law of an unpaid guardian
Ex.22:9-12 On the law of a paid guardian
Ex.22:13 On the law of a borrower
Le.25:14 On the law of buying and selling
Ex.22:8 On the law of litigants
De.25:12 Save life of one pursued, even if need - kill oppressor
Nu.27:8 On the law of inheritance

IDOLATRY AND RELATED PRACTICES
Ex.20:3 Not believing in any other Elohim except the One YHWH.
Ex.20:4 Not to make images for the purpose of worship
Le.19:4 Not to make an idol (even for others) to worship
Ex.20:20 Not to make figures of human beings
Ex.20:5 Not to bow down to an idol
Ex.20:5 Not to worship idols
Le. 18:21 Not to hand over any children to Moloch
Le. 19:31 Not to practice sorcery of the ov, necromancy
Le.19:31 Not to practice sorcery of yidde'oni, familiar spirits
Le.19:4 Not to study idolatrous practices
Le.26:1 No carved stones to lay down to prostrate upon/towards
Ex.23:13 Swear not by an idol nor instigate an idolater to do so
Ex.23:13 Not to divert any non-Jew to idolatry
De.13:12 Not to try to persuade a Jew to worship idols
De.13:6-10 Not to love someone who seeks to mislead you to idols
De.13:6-10 Not to relax one's aversion to the misleader to idols
De.13:6-10 Not to plead for (defend) the misleader to idols
De.13:6-10 Not to oppress evidence unfavorable to the misleader
De.7:25 No benefit from ornaments which have adorned an idol
De.7:26 Do not use anything connected with idols or idolatry
De. 18:20 Not prophesying in the name of idols
De. 18:20 Not prophesying falsely in the Name of YHWH
De.13:3-4 Listen not to one who prophesies in the name of idols
Le.20:23 Imitate not the ways nor practice customs of idolaters
Le.19:26; De.l8:10 Not practicing divination
De.18:10 Not practicing soothsaying
De.18:10-11 Not practicing enchanting
De.18:10-11 Not practicing sorcery
De. 18:10-11 Not practicing the art of the charmer
De. 18:10-11 Not consulting a necromancer who uses the ov
De. 18:10-11 Not consulting a sorcerer who uses the ydo'a
De. 18:10-11 Not to seek information from the dead, necromancy
De.22:5 Women not to wear men's clothes or adornments
De.22:5 Men not wearing women's clothes or adornments
Le.19:28 Not tattoo yourself, as is the manner of the idolaters
De.22:11 Not wearing a mixture of wool and linen, Shatnes
Le.19:27 Not shaving temples/sides of head as part of worship to idols
Le. 19:27 Not shaving your beard as part of worship to idols
De.16:1; 14:1; Le. 19:28 Not making cuttings in your flesh over your dead

PROHIBITIONS RESULTING FROM HISTORICAL EVENTS
Nu.15:39 Not to follow one's heart or eyes, straying to impurity
De.7:2 Not to show mercy to idolaters
Ex.23:33 No one serving false gods to settle in Eretz-Israel
De.7:3 Not to intermarry with one serving false gods
De.23:8 Exclude not marrying a descendant Esau if a proselyte
De.23:8 Not to exclude marrying an Egyptian who is a proselyte
De.7:21 Not fearing the enemy in time of war

BLASPHEMY
Le.24:16; (rather): Ex. 22:27 Not blaspheming the Set Apart Name of YHWH
Le.19:12 Not violating an oath by the Name of YHWH
Ex.20:7 Not take the Name of YHWH in vain (bring to nothing or change)
Le.22:32 Not profaning the Holy Name of YHWH
De.6:16 Not testing/trying YHWH's promises & warnings
De.12:4 Do not destroy houses of worship or holy books
De.21:23 Leave not body of executed criminal hanging overnight

TEMPLE
Le.10:9-11 Drunk persons may not enter Sanctuary or teach Torah
Ex.30:32 Not to make any oil the same as the Oil of Anointment
Ex.30:32 Anoint none with special oil except Cohen Gadol & King
Ex.30:37 Not to make incense same as burnt on Altar in Sanctuary

SACRIFICES
Le.22:28 Not to slaughter an animal & its young on the same day
Le.22:15 Not eating un-tithed produce, tevel (Many Christian tithe on their increase)
De.23:22 Delay not payment of offerings, freewill or obligatory
Nu.30:3 Not to break your word, even if without an oath

PRIESTS
De.14:1 Not to tear out hair for the dead

DIETARY LAWS
De. 14:7 Not to eat any unclean animal
Le. 11:11 Not to eat any unclean fish
Le. 11:13 Not to eat any unclean fowl
De,14:19 Not to eat any creeping winged insect
Le. 11:41 Not to eat anything which creeps on the earth
Le. 11:44 Not to eat creeping thing that breeds in decayed matter
Le.l 1:42 Not to eat living creatures that breed in seeds / fruit
Le. 11:43 Not to eat any detestable creature
De. 14:21 Not to eat any animal which died naturally, a nevelah
Ex.22:30 Not to eat an animal which is torn or mauled, a treifah
De. 12:23 Not to eat any limb taken from a living animal
Le.7:24 Not to eat blood
Ex.23:19 Not to boil young male goat in its mother's milk
Ex.34:26 Not to eat young male goat cooked in its mother's milk
De.32:38 Not to use wine libations for idols, yayin nesach
Le. 19:26; De.21:20 No eating or drinking to excess, gluttony & drunkenness
Le.23:29 Not to eat anything on Yom Kippur / Day of Atonement
Ex. 13:3 Not to eat chametz, Ieaven(ed), on Pesach
Ex.13:7 Not to eat an admixture of chametz/leaven(ed) on Pesach
De.16:3 Not to eat chametz, leaven(ed), after noon of 14 Nisan
Ex.13:7 No chametz may be seen in our homes during Pesach
Ex.12:19 Not to possess chametz, leaven(ed), during Pesach

AGRICULTURE
De.12:19 Not to leave the Levites without support (the Levitical tithe is NOT payment for services, christians pay their titled leaders as opposed to simply supporting them through a tithe)

LOANS, BUSINESS, AND THE TREATMENT OF SERVANTS
De. 15:7 Not to deny charity to the poor
De.15:13 Not sending a Hebrew bondman away empty-handed
Ex.22:24 Not demanding payment from a debtor known unable to pay
Ex.22:24 Not participating in an agreement involving interest
Le.19:13 Oppress not an employee by delaying paying his wages
De.24:10 Not taking a pledge from a debtor by force
De.24:12 Not keeping a poor man's pledge when he needs it
De.24:17 Not taking any pledge from a widow
Ex.20:13 Not abducting an Israelite
Le.19:11 Not stealing
Le.19:13 Not robbing
De.19:14 Not fraudulently altering land boundaries / landmarker
Le.19:13 Not usurping our debts / do not defraud
Le.19:l 1 Not repudiating debts, denying receipt of loan/deposit
Le.19:11 Not to swear falsely regarding another man's property
Le.25:14 Not wronging/deceiving one another in business
Le.25:17 Not wronging/misleading one another even verbally
Ex.22:20 Not harming the stranger among you verbally
Ex.22:20 Not injuring the stranger among you in business/trade
Ex.22:21 Not afflicting the orphans and widows
Le.25:53 Not allowing a heathen to mistreat a Hebrew bondman
Ex.21:10 ...withhold not: food, raiment, or conjugal rights
De.21:14 Not selling a captive woman
De.21:14 Not treating a captive woman as a slave
Ex.20:17 Not coveting another man's possessions/property, etc.
De.5:18 Covet not one's possessions, even the desire forbidden
De.23:26 A worker is not to cut down standing grain during work
De.23:24 A hired laborer not to take more fruit than he can eat
De.22:3 Not ignoring lost property to be returned to its owner
Ex.23:5 Refuse not to help man or animal collapsing with burden
Le. 19:35 Not cheating/defrauding with measurements & weights
De.25:13 Not to possess false/inaccurate weights and measures

JUSTICE
Ex.23:8 A Judge is not to accept bribes/gifts from litigants
Le.19:15 A Judge is not to favor (be partial to) a litigant
De. 1:17 Judge not avoid justice being in fear of wicked person
Le.19:15 (rather): Ex.23:3 A Judge not decide in favor of the poor, out of pity
Ex.23:6 A Judge is not to discriminate against the wicked
De.19:13 Judge not to pity one who killed or caused loss of limb
De.24:17 A Judge not perverting justice due strangers or orphans
Ex.23:2 Do not answer a cause according to a majority to pervert justice.
Ex.20:16 Not bearing false witness
Ex.20:13 Not murdering a human being
Nu.35:30 A witness must not sit as a Judge in capital cases
Nu.35:12 Not killing a murderer without trial and conviction
De.22:26 Not punishing a person for a sin committed under duress
Nu.35:31 Not accepting ransom from an unwitting murderer
Nu.35:32 Not accepting a ransom from a willful murderer
Le. 19:16 Hesitate not to save life of another person in danger
De.22:8 Not leaving obstacles on public or private domain
Le.19:14 Not misleading another by giving wrong advice
De.25:2-3 Inflict not more than assigned number lashes to guilty
Le.19:16 Not to tell tales
Le.19:17 Not to bear hatred in your heart toward your brethren
Le. 19:17 Not to put one another to shame
Le.19:18 Not to take vengeance on another
Le. 19:18 Not to bear a grudge
De.22:6 Not to take entire bird's nest, mother and her young
De. 17:11 Not to differ from or disobey the Cohanim and the Judge
De.13:1 Not to add to the Mitzvot/commandments of Torah
De.13:1 Not to detract from the Mitzvot/commandments of Torah
Ex.22:27 Not to curse a judge
Ex.22:27 Not to curse a ruler
Le. 19:14 Not to curse any Jew
Ex.21:17Not cursing parents
Ex.21:15 Not to strike parents
Ex.20:10 Not to work on Shabbat
Ex.35:3 Not to inflict punishment on the Shabbat
Ex. 12:16 Not to work on the first day of Pesach
Ex.12:16 Not to work on the seventh day of Pesach
Le.23:21 Not to work on Shavuot
Le.23:25 Not to work on Rosh HaShannah
Le.23:35 Not to work on the first day of Sukkot
Le.23:36 Work not 8th day/Shemini Atzeret, (after Hoshana Rabba)
Le.23:28 Not to work on Yom Kippur / the Day of Atonement

INCEST AND OTHER FORBIDDEN RELATIONSHIPS
Leviticus18:6 Not to be intimate with a kinswoman
Leviticus18:7 No relations with one's mother
Leviticus18:8 No relations with one's father's wife
Leviticus18:9 No relations with one's sister
Leviticus18:10 No relations with one's son's daughter
Leviticus18:10 No relations with one's daughter's daughter
Leviticus18:10 No relations with one's daughter

Leviticus 18:11 No relations with step-sister
Leviticus18:12 No relations with one's father's sister
Leviticus18:13 No relations with one's mother's sister
Leviticus 18:14 No relations with wife of father's brother
Leviticus18:15 No relations with one's son's wife
Leviticus 18:16 No relations with brother's wife
Leviticus18:17 No relations with a woman and her daughter
Leviticus18:17 No relations with a woman and her son's daughter
Leviticus18:17 No relations with a woman & her daughter's daughter
Leviticus18:18 No relations with sister of wife, during wife's life
Leviticus18:19 No relations with a menstruant
Leviticus 18:20 No relations with another man's wife
Leviticus 18:22; 20:13 A man may not lie carnally with another man
Leviticus 18:23 Neither men nor women may have relations with beasts
Deuteronomy 23:18 No relations (harlotry) with a woman outside marriage
Deuteronomy 24:4 Not to remarry your divorced wife after she has remarried

THE MONARCHY
De.17:15 Not appointing a king who is not of the seed of Israel
What christianity has labeled as the “Ten Commandments” is a blunt and complete misrepresentation of what Moses was given by God. In the Tanakh what was inscribed on those stone tablets are called “The Ten Words or “The Ten Sayings”. They were the Ten Words because there were only ten words inscribed on the tablets.

The first time the Hebrew name
Asereth ha-D'bharîm was mistranslated as the “Ten Commandments” was the Geneva Bible in 1560 ad. The King James Bible followed and the Asereth ha-D'bharîm has been mistranslated in christianity as the Ten Commandments ever since. However, the Septuagint did properly translate the Ten Sayings as the dekalogos literally meaning the “Ten Words” and the Early English bible versions such as Wycliffe (1395) and Coverdale (1535) did not contain the phrase “the ten commandments”. They also contained the more proper translation of "the ten words".

The two stone tablets of which Moses famously brought down from Mount Sinai were also not labeled the “Ten Commandments” or the “Commandments Tablets”, or any variation thereof. In the Tanakh they are called
Luchot HaBrit or the the “Tablets of the Covenant”. The first tablet, containing the first five declarations, identifies duties regarding our relationship with God, while the second tablet, containing the last five declarations, identifies duties regarding our relationship with other people.

Whereas there is an established history of the “ Ten Utterances” (of which Jesus taught and believed) the history embraced by Christianity states that the Ten Commandments are to be considered a summary of God's law. Most christian denominations teach variations of the belief that Jesus freed Christians from Jewish religious law, but not from their obligation to keep the Ten Commandments. These teachings are based on the writings of Paul the Apostle’s interpretations of Jesus and are not a teaching directly attributed to Jesus.

The above facts have significant meaning because the Ten Words were never considered to be the “core commandments” nor were the Ten Words considered to be a “paring down of the Law of Moses”. Simply put, from the inception of the Law of Moses, the Ten Words were a simple categorizing of the Law or the summary headings of the whole Law. Each word on the tablets corresponds to a whole section of the Law, each word represents a whole chapter of the Law.

The significance is awesome in that while christianity has erroneously taught that the Torah or Mosaic Law has a singular purpose, the ancient biblical and cultural understanding of even the Ten Commandments shows that the Torah is not singular in purpose. Jesus taught as much, and whether it was First Temple or Second Temple Judaism, the meaning of the Ten Words never changed and Jesus himself never changed them. Just as Jesus taught the whole of the Law and Torah, you cannot have the Ten Words separate from the Law and Torah. The Ten Words are the whole written Mosaic Law and vice versa.

List of the
Asereth ha-D'bharîm:
1. Belief in God
2. Prohibition of Improper Worship
3. Prohibition of Oaths
4. Observance of Sacred Times
5. Respect for Parents and Teachers
6. Prohibition of Physically Harming a Person
7. Prohibition of Sexual Immorality
8. Prohibition of Theft
9. Prohibition of Harming a Person through Speech
10. Prohibition of Coveting